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Mercury

Mercury

Mercury—the smallest planet in our solar system and closest to the Sun—is only slightly larger than Earth’s Moon. Mercury is the fastest planet, zipping around the Sun every 88 Earth days.
Mercury is a rocky planet, also known as a terrestrial planet. Mercury has a solid, cratered surface, much like the Earth’s moon. Mercury has no moons.
Mercury’s thin atmosphere, or exosphere, is composed mostly of oxygen (O2), sodium (Na), hydrogen (H2), helium (He), and potassium (K). Atoms that are blasted off the surface by the solar wind and micrometeoroid impacts create Mercury’s exosphere.